Full length operas


Evil Minister Tu

Hello,

I’m not quite healed yet from the hernia surgery, no major issues so far but absolutely no break dancing allowed yet. Anyhow, on to important things, i.e. a complete Beijing Opera from this year featuring two well-known performers!

《赵氏孤儿》Zhaoshi Guer (The Orphan of the Zhao Family), headlining:

Mu Yu (actor) as Cheng Ying

Mu Yu

Dou Xiaoxuan 窦晓璇 (actress)

Dou Xiaoxuan

and Li Yang 李扬 as the evil minister Tu.

Also in the cast:

Jiang Yishan 姜亦珊, Lixiao Pei 李小培, Li Yang 李扬, Tan Dun 谭正岩 and Zhang Kai 张凯

This play has quite a bit of history. The following is based on three sources: from Fern here, from http://www.shme.com/culture/legend/orphan.htm and from http://www.hjenglish.com/talk/page/123097/

The Orphan of the Zhao Family, or Orphan of the House Tcho (趙氏孤兒), or The Great Revenge of the Orphan of Zhao Family (趙氏孤兒大報仇) was mentioned in the “Historical Records” by Sima Qian ( 2nd century B. C.) and in the “New Anecdotes” by Liu Xiang (77-6 B.C.). Capturing the popular imagination, it has been retold in many forms. It became a play during the Yuan Dynasty, written by  Ji Junxiang (紀君祥) in the second half of the 13th century. It is the first Chinese play known in Europe. Joseph Henri Marie de Prémare translated the play into French as “L’orphelin de la maison de Tchao, tragédie chinoise“, which was collected in Jean Baptiste Du Halde’s “Description géographique, historique, chronologique, politique et physique de l’empire de la Chine et de la Tartarie Chinoise“, published in 1735 (the play was published separately in 1755). Thomas Hatchett (active 1721-1741) published an adaptation of the play in English, “The Orphan of China” (1741) that changes the ending significantly so that the play conforms to classical conventions of the three unities.

Loyalty is the theme of the story, as the hero sacrifices his own son and friend to save the life of another family’s orphan whose family has bee massacred in order that the toddler, once grown up, can later avenge them.

In the state of Jin in today’s southern Shanxi province during and Autumn period ( 770-476 B. C. ), the King of Jin‘s evil minister Tu (屠岸贾)  becomes jealous of the growing power and popularity of an upright minister named Zhao Shuo. The minister decides to eliminate his rival.

Zhao is framed and accused of  treason for having attempted to murder the King of Jin. Zhao’s entire family except Lady Zhuang (庄姬), the King’s half-sister who had married one of Zhao’s sons, is executed. Before long a son was born to the unfortunate widow.

Hearing of the birth of the Zhao baby, Tu insists that the law must be enforced and the infant executed as well. The mother, however, is too clever to let her precious baby be thus ruthlessly killed. The child had been put under the care of Cheng Ying (程婴), one of the faithful followers of her husband, whose wife happened to give birth to a son about the same time and was able to nurse both babies.

Failing in his search, Tu offeres a great rewards to anyone who delivers the baby within ten days. He threatenes further that he will kill all the babies in the kingdom of the same age as the Zhao child, if he is not found.

Cheng Ying consults with Gongsun (公孙杵臼), another faithful follower of Zhao, and they decide on the following heart breaking plan:

Cheng sacrifices his only son while Gongsun, at the cost of his life, pretends to conceal the Zhao baby on the Shouyang Mountain (首阳山). Cheng reports on Gongsun’s “perfidy”. Tu sends men and finds the (wrong) baby. In order to test the friendship between Cheng Ying and Gongsun, Tu ordered the former to thrash the latter. They both play the tragic game so well that goes as they had planned. Gongsun and Cheng’s child are executed.

Refusing to accept the reward offered him, Cheng requests instead that he and “his son” be allowed to stay in Tu’s mansion, for they, he asserts, might be assassinated by some other (imaginary) follower of Zhao because he had given information concerning the baby’s hiding place.

The stupid minister not only shelters them under his own roof, but adopts the baby and educates him with utmost care. When the fortunate child became a powerful young man, he, following Cheng’s instructions, kills Tu and his family in revenge.

As plans go, this one is a doozy.

This is a lavish production! With shifting scenery, a great number of different costumes to marvel at, and many interesting painted faces. The executioner has a nice pink one:

Zhao taken away by the executioner

The complete cast in Chinese:

1、穆雨 饰 程婴; 2、窦晓璇 饰 庄姬(前); 3、姜亦珊 饰 庄姬(后); 4、李小培 饰 魏绛; 5、李扬 饰 屠岸贾; 6、谭正岩 饰 赵盾; 7、张凯 饰 公孙杵臼; 8、梅庆羊 饰 晋灵公; 9、常秋月 饰 卜凤; 10、魏学雷 饰 赵武; 11、苏从发 饰 赵朔; 12、王磊 饰 韩厥; 13、翟岗 饰 裴豹; 14、曹阳阳 饰 祖麂

Dou Xiaoxuan is a headliner in China, winner of the last 2012 qingyi competition, and a crowd favorite. She is the only actor in this play loudly hailed on her arrival about 40 minutes in. In this opera she has a brief but very tragic role as the mother of the sacrificed son. She sings well and even has a costume change.

Dou

Dou

Despite Dou, who adds some spice to the broth, this is essentially a male role (sheng) play.

There are a lot of nice moments in this. Let me know which one is your favorite!
Click here to download Part 1 of the video

Click here to download Part 2 of the video

Enjoy!

 

Chi Xiaoqiu

And so, here is the final opera in the series at the Chang’an Grand Theater commemorating the 110th birthday of Cheng Yanqiu. It features a performer the Chinese clearly appreciate, Chi Xiaoqiu.

锁麟囊》Suo Lin Nang (The Unicorn Purse) – Chi Xiaoqiu 迟小秋, Xu Mengke 徐孟珂,  Hou Mei侯美 , Lang Shilin 郎石林, Mei Qingyang 梅庆羊, Mu Yu 穆雨

The tempo is a bit faster on some arias, Mu Yu is in the cast. The chous are different. Let’s have one more unicorn, why not? It’s time better spent.

Fern attended this performance while in Beijing last month. She wrote on her blog:

 “(At the very end of part 2 of) the CCTV video, you can see a very old man when the audience is shown. He is the son of Cheng Yanqiu, hardly could walk, he was helped to step on stage to say a few words. There was also an old lady, a disciple of Cheng, I forgot her name, she spoke for a long time after curtain call, and gifted two rare items to Chi: a shawl Cheng used to wear on stage, and a head ornament that Cheng gave her long ago. She praised Chi for resembling Cheng so much and (the latter) was so moved that she cried for a long time on the stage.”

Click here to download Part 1 of the video

Click here to download Part 2 of the video

Li Haiyan

Another in the series of Cheng Yanqiu anniversary performances is another of my favorite actresses, Li Haiyan 李海燕, performing the Beijing Opera《梅妃》Meifei (Imperial Concubine Meifei) on 2014-05-22 at the Chang’an Grand Theater.

Fern provided the poster for this performance here.

Original file names:

《CCTV空中剧院》 20140522 京剧《梅妃》 1/2
《CCTV空中剧院》 20140522 京剧《梅妃》 2/2

According to Wikipedia, Consort Mei (d. 755) was an imperial consort of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang. She was one of Emperor Xuanzong’s favorite concubine for a time, before being spurned then ultimately left behind to be murdered during a rebellious attack.

Looking around for a story for this opera, I found a serious scholarly work here which contained:

“Alluding to the story found under the topic of “Mei fei zhuan” 梅妃傳 (The Bibliography of Imperial Concubine of Apricot (note: Wikipedia translates as plum, not apricot) in a famous Tang fiction collection by Cao Ye 曹鄴 (?816 – ?875) entitled Yangshan Gu shi wen fang 陽山顧氏文房 (Gu’s Study of Yang Mountain). The story relates that Emperor Xuan of Tang 唐玄宗 (685 – 762) once secretly bestowed the imperial concubine of Mei one hu of pearl, which was a tribute from another country. However, Mei did not accept it. The emperor was not happy about that and requested the imperial musical bureau to use new music to sing about it, which was titled “one hu of pearl.” Later on, this allusion was used to stress the greatness of a gift. “

The sound and picture of this video are exceptional. Li Haiyan is in excellent voice, with that golden soprano tone of hers I find so pleasing.

Click here to download Part 1 of the video  (571 MB)

Click here to download Part 2 of the video (380 MB)

Enjoy!

Liu Guijuan

Finally succeeded in uploading this!  Here she is, Géza!

Beijing Opera, 2014-05-21《碧玉簪》Biyu Zan (The Green Jade Hairpin) – Liu Guijuan 刘桂娟, Ji Peng 姬鹏, Sun Liying 孙丽英, Liu Yijie 刘轶杰, Liu Shuyun 刘淑云, Ma Liansheng 马连生, Liu Shujun 刘树军

The story for this opera can be found here.

See Fern’s blog here for more info on this series of concerts at the Chang’an Grand Theater in Beijing commemorating the 110th birthday of the old dan master, Cheng Yanqiu.

Click here to download Part 1 of the video

Click here to download Part 2 of the video

 

translation by Nikhi Chau

Hello,

Zhang Huoding has been my favorite opera singer east and west combined for a while now. This website exists only because I discovered her interpretation of “Suo Lin Nang”, the Unicorn Purse. It’s her signature role and has become a solid standard other performers taking on the role compete with.

This week, I have been holding my breath and checking every day to see if CCTV has posted the videos for her 2014 comeback after an absence of several years. Her single 2014 Unicorn Purse performance last month resulted in audience exuberance rarely observed in a CCTV broadcast.

sold out

Yesterday, a 15 minute bio recap/teaser in Mandarin of her renewed Liang and Zhu/Butterfly Lovers production was posted here. The brief snippets we get show Zhang Huoding in stronger shape and voice than in the past.

Click here to download Butterfly Lovers video (mirror)  (91 MB)

This Sunday morning they posted another 15 minute recap on her new Unicorn Purse performed the very next day here.

Click here to download Unicorn Purse video (mirror)  (91 MB)

Further, it was announced in a press conference last week that Zhang Huoding’s “Unicorn Purse” will be made into a movie. A live performance DVD (with harsh lighting) from many years ago is still available. At least two full length CCTV broadcast videos of this opera featuring this actress circulate constantly on the Internet, see here and here along with a third full-length version of Zhang Huoding lip-synching over a historic audio recording of Cheng Yanqiu performing it here.

 Zhang Huoding 2014

What is the allure of Zhang Huoding’s “Suo Lin Nang”? What is the big deal?

Firstly, I think, this play is powerful emotionally on many levels. It hints at the suffering endured by the Chinese people by talking of “floods”, certainly a metaphor for all the catastrophes that befell the Chinese people in the first half of the 20th century. It speaks of suffering, human empathy, recognizing one’s faults and obtaining unhoped-for redemption. Secondly, Zhang Huoding in this role nails it with a studied traditional artistry that transcends language barriers and cultural boundaries.

However, the text for any opera is important for a thorough appreciation. With the subtle pantomimes of the Unicorn purse, this opera’s libretto is perhaps even more important than most.

Fern heroically provided her translation of this opera here.

Now Nikhi Chau posted his own translation in subtitles to another video made about 10 years ago, yesterday on Youtube.

You can view them at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBovGe4mKK0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WaLm5_88H-w

Nikhi writes:
“Zhao Rongchen, Zhang Huoding’s teacher, was actually my great-uncle (my father’s uncle). That probably sounds more impressive than it really is; he stayed in China while his sister (my grandmother) immigrated to America, so I never actually met or spoke to him, unfortunately. And since my parents weren’t as into jingju as their parents were, I didn’t even know about him until recently. It’s been very interesting discovering this distant relative’s legacy! “

Nikhi was kind enough to pass along his text file of the English subtitles,  you can download them here:

Subtitles text file part one and part two.

Thank you Nikhi! Now let’s all enjoy.

translated

Hello,

The opera “Silang Tan Mu” we posted here with Yu Kuizhi and Li Shengsu over 3 years ago has been generously translated by Nikhi Chau and posted on Youtube for your enjoyment:

Part 1: http://youtu.be/65PPa1eqjK0
Part 2: http://youtu.be/X8hBlVF9wBU

Thank you Nikhi!

Reminder: the Firefox add-on https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/video-downloadhelper/

will allow you to download these videos.

 

Also:

Text file of the English translation for part one

Text file of the English translation for part two

 

Cheers!

Bertrand

 

Will he like what he sees?

Hello,

Here is a nice, fun opera with lots of interesting and unusual pantomime as well as some acrobatics from troupe rarely seen.

 Li Jingwen

Li Jingwen above and below, bio in Chinese here.

 Li Jingwen

Fern provided the cast for this opera here:

Cast is: Li Jingwen 李静文,Zhang Hongwei 张宏伟,Li Qihong 李旗红,Bao Xiru 保锡茹,Mi Chunming 米春明
Performance of the Shenyang Jingju Theater, originally broadcast in 2009 here.

Apparently an older performance just rebroadcast, I even wondered if I had ever seen any of these performers before. With the handy search features on the Ear Candy and Operabeijing blogs, I discovered Li Jingwen was a jury in the 2012 CCTV Jingju Contest.

Zhang Hongwei is Fourth class (2004-2008) of the China Outstanding Young Jingju Performers Class (中国京剧优秀青年演员研究生班).

Fern also provided the storyline here:

Chen Xiuying and her mother run a small teahouse in Taiyuan, Shanxi province. Shi Lun, the son of Shi Sulong who is Commander of the resident forces, sees Xiuying and is smitten by her beauty. He attempts to take her by force, and is chased out of the teahouse by Mrs. Chen and given a good beating along the way. A young man, Kuang Zhong, happening to pass by, helps Mrs. Chen home.

At the teahouse, Kuang spots an iron bow – the Chen family’s heirloom, and recognizing it to be of uncommon pedigree, is filled with admiration. He and Xiuying agree to a game of archery, and the two are soon betrothed as they find a good match in each other.

Shi Lun, however, becomes terribly jealous of Kuang, and plots to kill him and his father. Xiuying uncovers the scheme, disguises herself as a man and kills Shi, before fleeing with her mother into the night.

They escape to the Erlong Mountain, where the leader of the fort, Guan Fengying, mistakes Xiuying with his fiancée, Wang Fugang. Xiuying and her mother decide to go along with the quiproquo and follow Guan to the mountain fort, where Xiuying trains the men in preparation for battle. She then leads them to Taiyuan to take down Shi Lun’s father once and for all. The Commander first sends the real Wu Fugang into battle, and on meeting defeat, calls back Kuang and his father from their posts and orders them to ride into battle. Thus the couple meets on the battlefield yet neither recognize the other, with Xiuying in a man’s armour and Kuang having grown a beard and a moustache – until Xiuying draws out her iron bow. The two couples – Kuang and Xiuying, and Guan and Wang – are happily reunited.

Final note: it’s pretty much impossible to thank Fern enough for all her help and contributions, I get pretty intimidated just counting them all. Let me just once again congratulate her for passing  her official Chinese written Mandarin aptitude test. You’re our hero, Fern, in and out of armor!

So when’s the next trip to Beijing again?

Click here to download video Part One

Click here to download video Part Two

Enjoy!

Lü Yang 吕洋

Hello,

Here is a recent “CCTV Sky Theater” with a complete 大探二》Da Tan Er:

《大保国》Da Bao Guo (Defending the Nation)
《探皇陵》Tan Huang Ling (Visiting the Emperor’s Tomb)
《二进宫》Er Jin Gong (Entering the Palace for the Second Time)

The files were found here and here.

The cast short list includes:

Lü Yang 吕洋
Deng Muwei 邓沐玮
Ling Ke 凌珂

We posted this opera two years ago, with Wang Rongrong here. It seems the video file link was broken yet again (?) so I fixed it yesterday. It’s always fun to compare two approaches to the same operas.

From Fern’s blog here, my most cherished reference I might add, the three stories of this combined opera:

《大保国》Da Bao Guo (Defending the Nation) – At the time of the early death of Ming Emperor Muzong (Emperor Longqing) the crown prince is still an infant, and the imperial concubine Li Yanfei governs the country from behind the curtain. By deceiving Li Yanfei, her father, Li Liang, attempts to seize the throne. At the Longfeng Pavilion, Ministers Xu Yanzhao and Yang Bo strongly warn the imperial concubine Li Yanfei , but she refuses to listen and ruler and ministers part on bad terms.

《探皇陵》Tan Huang Ling (Visiting the Emperor’s Tomb) - Xu Yanzhao visits the tomb of the Emperor and pays homage. Yang Bo also comes to visit the tomb with a group of soldiers, and together they decide to speak to Li Yanfei again.

《二进宫》Er Jin Gong (Entering the Palace for the Second Time) - Meanwhile Li Liang blockades the palace, completely isolating Li Yanfei. She finally realizes that Xu and Yang are loyal ministers and she was deceived. Xu and Yang manage to sneak into the palace, and convince Li Yanfei to entrust the baby prince to them, promising they will help him ascend to the throne.

I’m always wrong, but I think this was filmed in Tianjin, it has that characteristic hall reverb.

Deng Muwei 邓沐玮:

Deng Muwei 邓沐玮

Very nice music arrangements in this one.

Click here to download Part 1 of the video

Click here to download Part 2 of the video

Enjoy!

 

 

(Updated 2013-12-31 to fix broken video link)

Wang Yan

Great thanks to Fern who helped me sort this one out. Fern has her own blog on Chinese Opera which is absolutely splendid, please check it out as well.

This production stars Yang Shaopeng, Wang Rongrong and Meng Guanglu. It is a full-length two hour opera filmed in front of a very enthusiastic crowd in Beijing. Picture and sound quality are superb. Wang Ronrong is in great voice, and Meng Guanglu is even more so! Splendid cast, splendid costumes, the sound mix between instruments and vocals seems better than usual.

Fern found this reference with opera synoses. Here is today’s story, actually three separate stories rolled up into one opera.

For the Safefy of the State (Da Bao Guo) - The crown prince is too young to attend to State affairs when Ming emperor Muzong dies. The dowager Li Yanfei’s father plans to usurp the throne. A high-ranking official Xu Yanzhao and defense minister Yang Bo go to the court to convince the dowager of her father’s conspiracy. The two loyal officials argue with the dowager in court.

Paying Homage at the Royal Mausoleum (Tan Huangling)Ming Emperor Muzong dies in 1573 when his son is too young to hold court, so the Empress Dowager’s father attempts to usurp the throne. Duke Xu Yanzhao, who is loyal to the young emperor, tries to persuade the Empress Dowager not to give up the throne to her father, but she rebuffs him. Xu pays homage at Emperor Muzong’s mausoleum and weeps there. Defense Minister Yang Po finds the duke there and they decide to approach the Empress Dowager a second time in an attempt to save the young emperor.

Entering the Palace for the Second Time (Er Jin Gong) - Li Liang in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), who has usurped the throne after the emperor’s death, orders the palace be blockaded so that the empress dowager is completely cut off from the outside world. By now, the empress dowager has discovered Li Liang’s treachery. She regrets that she has ignored the warnings from two faithful officials, and can do nothing but weep in the palace. The two, Xu Yanzhao and Yang Po, however, manage to enter the palace to persuade the empress dowager to take action. She is moved and realizes that Xu and Yang are loyal to her son, the emperor-to-be. So she entrusts her son to the two officials so that they can help restore the young emperor to the throne.

Da Bao Guo first, Tan Huang Ling starts at 1:03:19 and Er Jin Gong at 1:20:35.

The empress dowager (always dressed in yellow, of course) is Li Yanfei (李艳妃), played by Wang Yan (王艳) and Wang Rongrong (王蓉蓉).
Official Xu Yanzhao (徐彦昭) is played by Wei Jijun (魏积军) and Meng Guanglu (孟广禄).
Defence minister Yang Bo (杨波) is played by Yang Shaopeng (杨少彭), Zhang Kai (张凯) and Ni Maocai (倪茂才).
The antagonist is Li Liang (李良), played by Li Yang (李扬).

The video is an .MKV file viewable with VLC. File size is about 840 MB.

Click here to download the video.

Guanglu Meng

Enjoy!

Lu Yang

Hello,

We have a nice snow storm blowing here right now, 20 centimeters of the white stuff. It’s opera season!

Today, I’m posting  the opera Fern blogged about here.

Original file names:

《CCTV空中剧院》 20131123 京剧《四郎探母》 1/2
《CCTV空中剧院》 20131123 京剧《四郎探母》 2/2

The cast:

Wang Ping 王平、Ling Ke 凌珂、Yang Naipeng 杨乃彭 – Yang Silang
Lü Yang 吕洋、Zhao Fangyuan 赵芳媛、Wang Yan 王艳 - Princess Tiejing
Chang Qiuyue 常秋月 – Xiao Empress
Jiao Pengfei 焦鹏飞 – Yang Zongbao
Li Hong 李宏 – She Taijun

Fern and I have posted performances of this opera before, notably with Yu Kuizhi and Li Shengsu here and with Li Jun and Shi Yihong here.

You can sort of tell this was filmed in Tianjin. The stage has a bit of a reverb to it, the sound is not as flat as in operas filmed at the Chang’an in Beijing. Also it has a bit more treble  to it.

Western audiences would be puzzled to see Renée Fleming start singing a performance of a Verdi opera at the MET on a Saturday afternoon, then be replaced 30 minutes later by Anna Netrebko, who would be replaced again 30 minutes later by Diana Damrau. But it happens often enough in Chinese Opera telecasts not to be a rarity, mostly for sweeping story lines that overlap in several distinct operas. In our case today, this opera fits in the “Generals of the Yang Family” story arch.

The two lead roles in this opera are shared among six performers. I, of course, being a guy, am keeping my eye on Lü Yang, probably with the same wiley expression as my dog Poko’s when I fake that I am about to steal a chew toy from under his nose.

2012-05-26_Lu_Yang_POSTER

Lu Yang

The classical radio was playing a short while ago and I recognized Nathalie Dessay singing.  Never heard the performance before, don’t know Nathalie Dessay much. It was just an “oh, that’s Nathalie Dessay singing” moment, if you will. She has a bit of child-like “young girl” voice.  I can recognize Netrebko too, she sort of sings from the back of the roof of her mouth which I find distracting. Fleming has a unique, full voice, completely unmistakable, with spectacular volume, and she massacres the French language. In Beijing Opera, there are of course female opera performers with immediately recognizable voices. Li Shengsu and Zhang Huoding come to mind.

Lü Yang is not one of those actresses, at least to my ears. However she has a lot of other things going for her. First, she is a divine creature in makeup, simply heart stopping. She has those Siamese cat eyes that are hard to miss and quite a lot of sheer charisma, something that another favorite of mine, Zhao Huan, often lacks. Lü Yang is mastering the art of hypnotizing you by doing nothing much at all on stage. It has to do with timing, deliberate moves, slowing down when you expect her to move fast, just minuscule things that draw your attention to her. Finally, she has volume and never disappoints.

Decide for yourself:

Click here to download Part 1 of the video (with Lü Yang)

Click here to download Part 2 of the video

And enjoy!

And thank you Fern for the links.

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